July is Disability Pride Month, its important to address the accessibility in the digital world. I want to promote accessibility and inclusion for the advancement of people with disabilities. Accessibility is vital when it comes to eliminating barriers for people with disabilities. It provides adaptability to different environments including online platforms. We can eliminate barriers and show our support for people with disabilities by designing web content that is easy for everyone to navigate. People with disabilities encounter a world with limitations including daily stressors. During this global pandemic, we are currently living in stressful life conditions. Before the pandemic, our society lacked accessibilities in our educational system, modes of transportation, and the internet. Now more than ever, we need to access information online. The internet is not accessible to all and this pandemic has made things more challenging for people with disabilities. The pandemic has changed our lives and everything is mostly online. The internet is not equitable for everyone. People with disabilities fall through the cracks when it comes to accessibility. I wanted to share important information about four areas of accessibility to make the web-accessible. The acronym is POUR which stands for perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust.
Four categories of Accessibility: POUR (Web Accessibility)
Perceivable- The information being presented must be presented in ways that others can comprehend.
Ex: Provide text alternatives for any nontext content
Operable- Navigation must be obtainable, and there can’t be a problem that a user cannot fix.
Ex: Make the functionality of a keyboard available in classrooms, workplaces, libraries, and community centers.
Understandable- All information must be easy to grasp.
Ex: The use of words and pictures to make information easier to understand.
Robust- Information must be strong enough that it can be interpreted in different ways by the users.
Ex: Having document information accessible such as using assistive and adaptive technologies.
Multiple websites are not designed to implement accessibility for different types of disabilities. These websites lack insufficient color contrast for users who have vision impairments, missing or meaningless alternative descriptions for better navigation or are lacking in transcripts, closed captions to aid hearing impairments, accessible forms and documents for adaptive technology software, and keyboard-friendly navigation.
People with disabilities experience challenges in seeing, hearing, and understanding how to navigate information in the online world. During this pandemic, we must advocate for accessibility in the internet world for everyone to have equal access.